Friday, September 20, 2019

Short Letters, Big Truths: Jude


 

Jude: Earnestly contend for the faith


Background

Author- Jude

Jude 1:1 Jude, the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James,  
Who was Jude? Where is he mentioned in the New Testament?
Jude was the brother of James the pastor of the Jerusalem church and of Jesus the Messiah.

He is mentioned in Matthew 13:55-56 Is not this the carpenter's son? is not his mother called Mary? and his brethren, James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas?  And his sisters, are they not all with us? Whence then hath this man all these things?
and Mark 6:3 Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are not his sisters here with us? And they were offended at him.

Date

The book was written about 67-68 AD before the fall of Jerusalem under Titus in 70 AD.

Purpose

At first Jude wanted to write about the doctrine of salvation but the spirit and his heart led him to write a warning against evil and deceitful men.

The Epistle of Jude warns against the incipient heresy of Gnosticism, a philosophy that distinguished sharply between matter, as being inherently evil, and spirit, as being good. Such a system of thought had serious implications for Christian life and doctrine. It challenged the Biblical doctrine of creation. And it gave rise to the idea that Christ's body was only apparent, not real, for if Christ had had a real body, it would have been evil. In its effect on Christian ethics, Gnosticism prompted two quite different results: on the one hand antinomianism, the belief that one is not under obligation to obey the moral law, and on the other a form of abuse of the body to promote spirituality. Both are opposed by Scripture. It may be inferred from the epistle that the readers were guilty, in varying degrees, of rebellion against authority, irreverence, presumptuous speech, and a libertine spirit. Jude's tone is polemic, for he rebukes false teachers who deceive unstable believers and corrupt the Lord's table. - (from The Wycliffe Bible Commentary, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1962 by Moody Press)

Outline

Identification, salutation, and purpose. Jude 1-4.
Admonitions against false teachers. Jude 5-16.
Exhortations to Christians. Jude 17-23.
Benediction. Jude 24,25.

Analytical Chart