Abraham: The Friend of God
Power Point Link
Believing Friend Genesis 12:1-9
How did Abram (Abraham) show belief in God?
He obeyed God and left his own country to go where God directed.
Vs. 2 What was God’s promise to Abraham?
(I will make of thee a great nation, will bless thee, make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing: I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.)
(A great nation- Israel
Make thy name great – Father of Jews, Muslims and Christians
In thee shall all families be blessed – Jesus would come through Abraham’s lineage and Jesus would bless all people.)
Vs. 7 What did God add to the promises already given to Abraham?
(He promised Abraham the land of Canaan he was journeying through.)
Fallible Friend Genesis 12:10- 13:4
Vs 10 Why did Abraham continue on to the South?
(Because of a famine in the land.)
Vs. 12-13 How does asking Sarai (Sarah) to lie show Abraham’s immature faith?
(He does not yet fully trust God to protect him in Egypt nor provide for him in the promised land.)
Vs. 14-20 Why did God still protect Abraham in spite of his lie?
(Because of the covenant he had established with Abraham.)
Vs. 1-4 Abraham left the south and went back to Bethel. What does this action on his part show?
(A return to fully trusting on the Lord to provide and protect him.)
Why did God not punish Abraham?
(Abraham responded to God’s rebuke through Pharaoh and returned to Bethel and repented.)
Generous Friend Genesis 13:5-18
What quality of character is shown by Abraham letting Lot choose?
(Putting others first, especially your family. ie. Philippians 2:3.)
What negative quality does Lot exhibit?
(Selfishness, looking out for no. 1)
Vs. 14- 18 What was the result of these two opposite actions?
(Abraham was again blessed, while Lot was captured by invading kings and lost everything.)
Is the result of Abraham and Lot’s action just a coincidence or a principle of God’s will?
(It is a direct result of being in God’s will? ie. Luke 6:38; Gal. 6:7)
Loyal and Brave Friend 14:1-24
Why would Abraham rescue Lot after Lot had “set his tent toward Sodom?”
(Abraham knew forgiveness and he understood loyalty to family.)
Who was Melchizedek (King of Righteousness)?
(A King of Salem (Jerusalem) who was “the” priest of Jehovah God. Some speculate that Melchizedek was Shem the son of Noah, but this seems pretty unlikely though he could still have been alive.)
Why did Abraham refuse the King of Sodom’s gift of the spoil?
(It would have put him in debt to the King of Sodom and weakened his reliance upon God.)
Covenanted Friend 15-17
The Covenant Amplified Chap. 15
What was added to this reconfirming of the covenant?
Exact boundaries of the land. Vs. 18-21 and proof of God’s keeping the covenant alone.
How did God show that He and not Abraham would keep this covenant?
God in the form of a smoking furnace and a burning lamp passed between the animal pieces.
The Covenants of God
Definition: "A covenant is a sovereign pronouncement of God by which He establishes a relationship of responsibility
between himself and an individual,
between Himself and mankind in general,
between Himself and a nation, or
between Himself and a specific human family.
A covenant in one category may overlap others...The covenants are normally unconditional in the sense that God obligates Himself in grace, by the unrestricted declaration, 'I will' to accomplish certain announced purposes, despite any failure on the part of the person or people with whom He covenants. The human response to the divinely announced purpose is always important, leading as it does to blessing for obedience and discipline for disobedience. But human failure is never permitted to abrogate the covenant or block its ultimate fulfillment." (C.I. Scofield)
The Edenic Covenant – Gen. 1:28-30; 2:16-17
Man is charged with responsibility for propagating the race,
subduing the earth,
exercising dominion over the animals,
caring for the garden in Eden,
and refraining from eating of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
The Adamic Covenant Genesis 3
Consequences of man's fall necessitated a changed relationship between man and God including the following elements:
A curse on the serpent: Gen 3:14
The first promise of a redeemer (the proto-evangelium).
A changed state of woman including bondage and subservience to man's headship, and suffering and pain in motherhood.
Loss of the garden in Eden as a dwelling place and light occupation changed to heavy burden of work because of a cursed earth.
Inevitable sorrow and disappointment in life.
Shortened life span and tragedy of death.
The Noahic Covenant. - Gen. 8:21-9:17
This unconditional covenant with Noah (which affects all mankind) establishes principles for all government, and includes the following:
(1) Sanctity of all human life established. Man, responsible to protect life, even by the use of capital punishment.
(2) A Promise that another universal flood will not occur, and the ground will not be cursed further.
(3) Man's relationship to the animals and to nature is confirmed.
The Abrahamic Covenant - Gen. 13:14-17; 15:1-21; 22:15-18
This was an unconditional covenant.
(1) God gave Abraham the promise of a great nation---
Primarily Israel, but also includes those in the line of Ishmael and other sons.
Two peoples descended from Abraham are named specially. They are an earthly group (Israel) "as numerous as the grains of sand on the seashore," and a heavenly group (the true church) "as numerous as the stars in the heavens."
(2) Abraham was to be the father of many, to be blessed, to be honored, to be a channel of blessing to others.
(3) Those who bless Abraham are to be blessed and those who curse him will be cursed.
(4) Reaffirmation of the promise of a Messiah.
The Mosaic Covenant - Exodus 19:3-6
A Conditional Covenant.
It was a Kingdom Agreement
The history of Israel has been a series of failures to keep their part of the agreement.
Due to their failure they have never enjoyed the full blessings of God as their king.
It was a National Constitution
The Covenant contained 613 moral, civil and ceremonial laws. All are summarized in Deut. 6:5
It provided a Guide to Christ
The Law established by the Mosaic Covenant showed our need for a savior – Galatians 3:24
The Palestinian Covenant - Deut. 30, Amos 9:9-15
An unconditional covenant
(1) Dispersion of the Jews was to be a consequence of disobedience.
(2) Future repentance will be accomplished by God.
(3) God will regather his scattered people and restore them to the land.
(4) The people of Israel will be brought to the Lord as a nation.
(5) The enemies and oppressors of Israel will be punished.
(6) Future national prosperity and preeminence is guaranteed. See also Deut. 28, 29. Because of this covenant, the right of the Jews to live in the land is conditional upon their behavior.
The Davidic Covenant - 2 Sam. 7:8-16; Psalm 89:1-4, 19-37; Jer 23:5
This unconditional covenant promises
(1) A temple in Israel built by David’s son,
(2) A kingdom given to the sons of David forever,
(3) chastisement on the sons if they disobey.
(4) The Messiah would be of the line of David.
Luke 23:5 - Fulfilled in Jesus birth
Zech 14:3-4, 9 - And one day in His return
The New Covenant - Jer. 31:31 - Heb. 8:8-13
An everlasting, unconditional covenant between God the Father and God the Son (Heb. 13:20-21) imparting a renewed mind and heart to the recipients.
Restored favor and blessing for Israel.
Complete and final forgiveness and removal of sins.
Indwelling of the Holy Spirit.
A rebuilt temple in Israel (Ezek. 37:26,27a).
Cessation of war and institution of world peace.
The Covenant with Abraham Rushed Chap 16
Why mistake did Abram make in taking Haggai as his wife and having children by her?
He hearkened to his wife instead of to the word of His God. As more and more time passed it become more and more difficult to fully trust God.
What was the result of Abram and Sarai trying to keep God’s covenant through their own ability?
Their family happiness was disrupted. Hagar was thrown out.
What are some areas in our life today in which we try to rush the promises of God?
His provision, healing, power over sin, even salvation.
What can we learn from Abraham and Sarah about rushing God by using our own means and abilities?
It will always result in failure and problems. Our relationship with God and with others will be harmed.
In Genesis 16:7, Who is the angel of the Lord?
God the Son acting as a messenger for His Father. (See Exodus 3:2-4 and John 1:18, 1 John 4:12)
What promise is given to Hagar?
That Ishmael her son would live and be a great man.
In Abraham we see the first glimpse of God’s ideal for all mankind, that we would have a relationship with Him, that we like Adam would be “friends” with our Heavenly Father.
Through the covenant with Abraham the foundation was laid that would, through grace, result in that relationship being a reality. It cost the Father His Own Son but that sacrifice result in salvation and relationship to us all.
May we never take it for granted, but cherish it as the great and costly gift that it is.