John 16:1-33 Jesus and Our Future
1-4 Warning of Offense
5-15 Work of the Holy Spirit
16-24 Sorrow turned into Joy
25-33 Overcoming the World
Promise of Persecution vs. 1-6
Vs. 1 What does the word offended mean? What offence was Jesus trying to prevent?
The word offended means to stumble. Jesus was warning them to keep them from falling from the faith.
Why didn’t Jesus tell the disciple from the beginning about the persecution and sorrow they would face?
He says that he didn’t tell them then because He was with them, but now he won’t be there to protect and comfort them.
What did Jesus mean when he said, “None of you asketh me, whither goest thou?”
Earlier Thomas had asked that exact question, but now Jesus points out that their sorrow, at the reality of His leaving, has dulled their sense of wonder and curiosity. All they could feel was their loss.
Promise of Guidance vs. 7-15
Vs. 7 Why did Jesus say he had to go away?
Only then could He send the Holy Spirit
In relationship to the world, what are the three things the Holy Spirit will be sent to prove?
Sin, righteousness and judgment
How will the Spirit rebuke the world in these three areas?
Sin because they do not believe Jesus Christ
Righteousness because Jesus is not in the grave but risen and now with the Father.
Judgment because Satan has lost the battle and Jesus has been proven ruler of all.
In relationship to us, what will be the Holy Spirit’s job?
Guide us into truth, the truth that could not be borne then but can now that Jesus has ascended.
In relationship to the Son, what is the Holy Spirit’s role?
He is to glorify Christ, and transmit the teaching of Christ to the believers.
Vs. 13 Is the Spirit to be glorified or elevated above Jesus Christ?
No, He is to uplift Christ, not Himself.
Promise of Joy vs. 16-24
Vs. 16 What are the two little whiles?
The time until Jesus would be separated from His disciples in the tomb and the time He would see them after His resurrection.
What does Jesus analogy of a woman in childbirth teach us about the joy of the Christian life?
Joy is often tempered and preceded with sorrow.
Are there other examples of this principle in the Bible?
Repentance and sorrow over sin before the joy of forgiveness and Salvation.
Psalms 30:5 For his anger endureth but a moment; in his favour is life: weeping may endure for a night, but joy cometh in the morning.
Promise of Victory vs. 25-33
Vs. 23 What is the day that Jesus is speaking of?
It is the time after His resurrection, the day in which we live.
Vs. 31 Why do you think Jesus questioned the disciple’s faith and understanding of who He was?
Vs. 33 What is the only true key to victory?
Jesus Christ Himself, not even our belief in Him is strong enough but He will not fail and in Him, I have victory.
John writing his epistle years later seems to echo and expand on the upper room discourse in his first epistle. His writings bring the words of Jesus to the apostles and now applies them to all believers living in “that day” after Jesus crucifixion and resurrection.
1 John 3:20-24 For if our heart condemn us, God is greater than our heart, and knoweth all things. Beloved, if our heart condemn us not, then have we confidence toward God. And whatsoever we ask, we receive of him, because we keep his commandments, and do those things that are pleasing in his sight. And this is his commandment, That we should believe on the name of his Son Jesus Christ, and love one another, as he gave us commandment. And he that keepeth his commandments dwelleth in him, and he in him. And hereby we know that he abideth in us, by the Spirit which he hath given us.